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The plenary session of Congress approves the taxes on banking, energy and the rich

Madrid (EFE) inflationary.

The bill that regulates taxes has gone ahead with 186 votes in favor, 152 against and 10 abstentions.
The coalition government has had the votes in favor of EH Bildu, ERC, Compromís, Más País and BNG, while PP, Cs and Vox have positioned themselves against, in an ideological debate between those who believe that poverty is reduced by creating more wealth and those who defend that it must be done by transferring income from those who have the most to the most vulnerable.

In a more pragmatic intermediate plane, the PNV and PDeCAT have been located, which have abstained because, although they share the philosophy of these taxes, they consider that their deficient design leads them to nullity and to return the proceeds “at the expense of the citizens to whom Now they want to protect themselves”, in the words of the PNV spokesperson, Idoia Sagastizabal.

Photograph of a Banco Santander branch. EFE/Fernando Bizerra Jr.

“When the courts decide negatively, let no one say that the courts work for the rich,” warned Ferrán Bel, from PDeCAT.

“Yours and only yours will be the political and patrimonial responsibility of the enormous damage that they will cause to the budget of all Spaniards,” said Gabriel Elorriaga, of the PP, in a harsher tone, after Cs and Vox have also influenced doubts about the constitutionality of the three levies.

Banking, energy and large fortune taxes will be collected in 2023 and 2024

That of the banking and energy companies because they consider that they do not tax extraordinary profits but rather the operating margin and billing, respectively, and that of large fortunes because in practice it constitutes a non-reducable state type of wealth tax that interferes in the financial autonomy of the autonomous communities.

Among those who have positioned themselves in favor of taxes are EH Bildu or ERC, who believe that they fall short and that they should be implemented permanently, although EH Bildu agreed during the commission process that within two years an evaluation will be made by part of the Government to decide if they are maintained.

Also with EH Bildu, it was agreed in commission that the foral treasuries of the Basque Country and Navarra manage the taxes on banks and energy companies, although in reality they have no place in the Basque concert or in the Navarre agreement because they are not tax figures but benefits assets in the form of tax.

The plenary session of Congress approves the taxes on banking, energy and the rich
View of the headquarters of the Spanish energy multinational Naturgy. EFE/Juan Carlos Hidalgo

“They will not be able to collect or manage them. The one who will collect will be the Spanish Government and what the Mixed Concert Commission will do is negotiate a certain economic compensation, “sagastizabal, from the PNV, clarified.

The Basque deputy, who regretted that in recent days there has been no willingness to negotiate more changes, recalled that last week, together with PDeCAT, they managed to prevent both regulated electricity rates, gas and butane as income obtained from electricity and gas transportation and distribution networks.

Likewise, all income obtained from generation facilities with regulated remuneration and additional remuneration in non-peninsular territories, including those from the market, as well as all billing obtained outside of Spain, were excluded from the payment.

The CC spokeswoman, Ana Oramas, has complained about the lack of negotiation, who has only proposed an amendment so that the income from the distribution of butane and gasoline to the non-capital Canary Islands does not compute for the purposes of the tax on energy companies .